The migrant population in the Bahamas comprises mainly of Haitians who settle for work, while others are from Cuba and Jamaica. There is inter-island migration, chiefly to New Providence and Grand Bahama islands.

Major countries of destination for migrants from the Bahamas who are in search of employment are Canada, United Kingdom and the United States of America. According to IOM exploratory research on trafficking in persons in the Bahamas, approximately 5,000 registered Haitian migrant workers are in the country, supporting 13,000 dependent family members.

Also, between 20,000 and 50,000 undocumented Haitians are living in the Bahamas. Migration statistics show that the majority of persons entering the Bahamas are Haitian children up to the age of 14, who apparently travel with a relative or parent. Despite all this, there are few quantitative studies on Haitian migrants according to a 2005 IOM report on Haitian Migrants in the Bahamas.

The Bahamas' proximity to the US, Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba and other Caribbean Islands is a key factor contributing to irregular migration. Because of its close proximity, the Bahamas is used as a transit point by migrants and asylum seekers in route to the USA.


Capital: Nassau
Population (2017): 395,232
Area (km2):  13,940
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) 2016: 22,516.8
HDI Rank (2015): 58 of 188
Personal remittances, estimate received in 2016: not available
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020): 2.7 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015): 15.3%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015): 49.4%
Population under 15 (2015): 20.9%