Before Hurricane Maria, the government had attempted to foster an offshore financial industry and planned to sign agreements with the private sector to develop geothermal energy resources. At a time when government finances are fragile, the government’s focus has been to get the country back in shape to service cruise ships. The economy contracted in 2015 and recovered to positive growth in 2016 due to a recovery of agriculture and tourism. Dominica suffers from high debt levels, which increased from 67% of GDP in 2010 to 77% in 2016. Dominica is one of five countries in the East Caribbean that have citizenship by investment programs whereby foreigners can obtain passports for a fee and revenue from this contribute to government budgets.
The situation of vulnerable people is now aggravated by evolving, complex threats such as climate change, new patterns of marginalisation, unplanned urbanisation, high levels of violence, migration, emerging infectious disease and the growing burden of non-communicable disease, environmental degradation, and insecurity of access to food, water, and natural resources. Therefore, strengthening livelihoodsand building resilience, of these groups in particular, are central to risk reduction.