Carib Indians occupied the islands of the West Indies for hundreds of years before the British began settlement in 1623. In 1967, the island territory of Saint Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated state of the UK with full internal autonomy. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. The remaining islands achieved independence in 1983 as Saint Kitts and Nevis. In 1998, a referendum on Nevis to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority vote needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to separate from Saint Kitts.



Capital: Basseterre
Population (estimates, 2017): 55,000
Area (km2): 261
GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) 2016: 26,382.8
HDI Rank (2015): 74 of 188
Personal remittances, estimate received in 2016: USD10,381,370
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):  not available
Immigrants (2015): 13,4%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015): 47,4%