This report spotlights the challenges faced by the island states of the Commonwealth Caribbean and identifies gaps and opportunities for migration governance tailored to their specific realities.


San José, Costa Rica — IOM, under the PACTA project and funded by the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration; developed the Regional Report on Migration Governance in the Island States of the Commonwealth Caribbean. The report presents a background of ten countries of the region, through concrete evidence and data, combined with the inputs of regional stakeholders to provide a larger perspective on opportunities for improvement in regional governance and cooperation. The regional report puts forth actionable recommendations for a Plan of Action for the Caribbean region.


This needs assessment was designed in a user-friendly and accessible manner that quickly provides a summary of the background and current state of migration governance in the region, with a special focus on the needs identified by the countries and IOM to improve migration management practices and is to be used as a starting point for identifying opportunities to develop regional interventions tailored to the realities of each country and to build government capacities.


The countries included in the study are: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago.


The report provides wide-ranging recommendations for change, including:


  • The implementation of a whole-of-government approach would allow Commonwealth Caribbean countries to address the aforementioned challenges and advance good migration governance practices. 
  • Further incorporation of international standards into their legislation and regulations, as none of the ten countries, has yet ratified all the nine-core international human rights treaties. In order to effectively address these increasing challenges, countries would benefit from adjusting their legislation to consistently reflect the core principles of international instruments, and from strengthening regional coordination efforts, including the standardization of protocols and practices to address various migration-related issues. 
  • Enhancement of collective action on disaster management and development of more comprehensive mechanisms to mitigate and manage the consequences of environmental hazards.
  • Improved application of strategies in the areas of border management, national security and the protection of migrants in vulnerable situations.


For further information please contact: Brendan Tarnay, CMC Project Coordinator: / Estela Aragón, Lead Researcher: