Changes in the world’s population trends, technological advancements and production systems have resulted in the creation of new opportunities for Caribbean countries to engage in the global market. Yet, the changes brought forth by globalization have simultaneously introduced new challenges for these countries. There is still a prevalent need in most countries to strengthen mechanisms and protocols for the management of a border crisis and to effectively coordinate with immigration authorities to track displaced populations and protect and assist migrants escaping a crisis in a safe and orderly manner.
In order to address such national security challenges, many countries in the Caribbean have made efforts to engage in greater regional initiatives to combat transnational crime and increase border security. The development of such regional security organizations is part of a greater effort to enhance capacities across countries to combat illegal cross-border activities and detect irregular migration. These security measures are also instrumental in the execution of good migration governance, which should involve mitigating security risks related to the movement of people and ensuring safe and orderly migration. In order to accomplish these goals, governments must coordinate with both national and international security agencies to gather and effectively utilize intelligence information that allows for the development of cohesive strategies to combat activities such as terrorism, trafficking in persons, and the smuggling of migrants (IOM, 2015).