The movement of people and capital within the Caribbean region is a further factor that makes the overall migration of skills and its impact more complex. The trends in the extra-regional movement are mirrored at the regional scale. The countries with the lower income levels are the net exporters of skilled migrants to the region. While regional skill exchange is regarded as a good thing, and policies are being developed to facilitate this, there has been reluctance on the part of some governments because of its disparities in regional development levels and the imbalance that could occur in an environment of the free movement of labour.
While having access to labour markets and the opportunity to contribute to the national development of receiving countries are determining factors in an individual’s ability to achieve self-sufficiency in a new country, access to social services such as social security and education are also essential components of integration into society and foster greater well-being, and are essential to becoming a productive contributor to the economy and society.